The Tallinn is the capital of Estonia, located on the South side of the Gulf of Finland. It is a large commercial and important port, 80 mm outside Helsinki. The Tallinn possessed excellent geographical location from the old and was a passage of many peoples, who have left their mark on the culture of the city and monuments. It is a beautiful city, with medieval buildings, trendy wine bars, advanced clubs, elaborate Cathedrals and zero traffic on the streets. The capital of Estonia is proud of the old city, who is kept in excellent condition and looks like an open-air museum. The historic medieval city of Tallinn, has cobbled streets, historic houses, towers, preserves the walls that enclose and included in the UNESCO World Heritage.
Τhe historic centre of the city dates back to the 13th, was founded in the 16th century. Rebuilt with stone paved narrow streets, medieval buildings, Gothic cathedrals and oil lamps in the streets. Most historic houses, stores and churches, have been left intact, thanks to the walls that surrounded the city and transform into a fortress. The old town is full of monuments, such as the Town Hall, the Toompea Hill, which was the home of the Danish Nobility, the Royal Garden and many Orthodox churches.
Toompea Castle¨The Castle was built between the 10th and 11th century and stands on the homonymous Hill, downtown. In the passage of all these centuries, the castle was plundered and destroyed several times, until its present impressive stone façade and the gray color. Today on the premises of the Castle hosted the country's Parliament. The castle is an integral part of the history of Tallinn and every day, in the East of the Sun, rises the town flag with the accompaniment of the national anthem of the country.
City Hall: The Town Hall is a fine example of Gothic style, was built in 1404 in the historic center of the city. A belfry was added later and although it was destroyed several times, managed to restore and now today is a wonderful monument. At the top of the building there is a figure of a man with a big mustache, which shows the trend of winds and is a symbol of the city. The Town Hall now functions as a Municipal Museum and exhibition space.
Kadriorg Palace-Ethnographic Museum: The Palace created after requirement of Peter the great and meant for his wife, Catherine Esthoni. It is an imposing baroque palace with top aesthetic and endless, amazing gardens, reminiscent of the Palace of Versailles. On the premises you can admire the Museum of contemporary art, the ethnographic museum, as well as exceptional paintings painters of Western Europe and Russian artists from the 16th to the 20th century. The spaces in the host still ornate sculptures, Russian portraits, furniture, porcelain, decorative art objects, crystals and gemstones.
The city is relatively small and you can comfortably move walk and get to know the city. Nevertheless, the Tallinn has tram, trolleybus and buses for longer distances and for areas outside the city. Regarding taxis in the city, it would be good before using some to learn first about the cost of your journey.
Most hotels can be found in the city centre, in an extremely traditional buildings, with ideal facilities for a pleasant stay.
In the old town is worth to browse and discover every historic corner of the place. The New City will surprise you, is filled with well-preserved buildings, wide streets and glass skyscrapers. The new town combines the charming past with a cosmopolitan aura flooded from shops, restaurants, pubs and nightclubs. In the historical centre of the old town, you will find concentrated most cocktail bar, restaurants and pubs. The city is famous for its nightlife, the residents did not stay up all night long and most shops stay open until 3 only on weekends.
The flavours of Estonia are quite influenced by German and Russian cuisine. The Estonian cuisine is famous for its excellent cuisine and the most traditional famous dishes is the Black sausage verivorst, with exotic fruit sauce, pork with sauerkraut (mulgikapsad), the clotted and fruit soups. Excellent is the stuffed potato with sausage or meat and grilled salmon, served with vegetables and boiled potatoes. Don't forget to try the non-alcoholic beverage kali and the local sweet kama, which is something like cereal with cream and sold everywhere on the streets. From the street peddlers in the city, will try toasted almonds with sugar and cinnamon or pepper.
Τhe most interesting department stores you'll find in the old town, with very traditional clothing and folk art. Interestingly and Muurivahe Street, with its characteristic knitted sweater. From the Tallinn worth to buy wooden Medieval utensils, ceramics, glass and cast iron objects and items from amber, you will find the medieval workshops of Katariina Guild's. Leaving don't miss to buy chocolates, traditional marzipan and bottles with the Vana Tallinn traditional drink.