Samos lies east to the Ocean and is the nearest Island to the coast after a distance of about 1,200 m. With an area of 478,2 m2. It is the 8th largest island. It consists of 4 municipalities, Karlovasi, and Marathokampos, Pythagorio and Vathy is the island's capital and the largest Gulf of the Balkans. The rich waters and its vegetation, gave in antiquity the name Ydrili.
Castle of Lykourgou Logotheti: The Islanders were among the first who participated in the fight against the Turkish yoke for many years. For the purposes of the race, was built on the ruins of ancient buildings in a paramount strategic location, the castle of Lykourgou Logotheti. The Turkish fleet under Admiral the Chosref Pasha attempted several attacks and landings to the island, which we successfully repulsed the Islanders. The fire severely damaged from the guns of the fortress have amply demonstrated, when on August 6, 1824, with the help of the Greek fleet the Islanders routed the Turks in the naval battle in the Strait of Mycale. So forced them to flee to the surrounding coasts of coast which meant the total destruction of the Turks. The successful outcome of the battle was attributed to divine intervention and for this reason it was built the Church of the Transfiguration of the Savior on the hill next to the castle of chieftain Lykourgou Logotheti, thereby fulfilling the vow of. The inscription out of the Temple says CHRISTOS SAVED SAMOS the 6th of AUGUST. The 6th of August has established local feast is celebrated every year with traditional ceremonies, dances, Fireworks and a re-enactment of the battle in the Bay of Pythagorion.
Temple of goddess Hera: 4 km outside the main street are the ruins of the ancient temple of the goddess mother of the gods, IRAS. The temple has witnessed great prosperity, while Herodotus mentions that the Temple of Hera was the largest temple in Greece. Part of the cluster of the temple is the Holy road, paved with stone, which used to lead in Pythagoreio.
Eypaleinio-monastery of Panagia Spiliani: Excavation In Pythagorean follow the path: 2 km. above the town Pythagorio with destination the Eypaleinio excavation. It is a tunnel of length 1036m. aqueduct unique for the era of achievement which was designed and built by the famous engineer Efpalinos. A bit further up is the monastery of Panagia spiliani with spectacular views of the entire city of Pythagorion and the small floor position and history chapel which is built inside a cave.
Cave of Pythagoras: Who does not remember the Pythagorean theorem? In Samos lived the philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras and foothills of Kerkis will find the cave where in the history of the island there fled into hiding when he was hunting down the tyrant Polycrates for corruption new members of Samos. Again another version of history tells us that there was when I wanted to ponder on the employed.
Boatyard: On the island fairly old worked many shipyards, Word of pine Samiwtikoy considered resistant to the sea. Today there are two shipyards, one in port of Karlovasi and a the Bay of Agios isidoros, an area of outstanding beauty that is worth visiting.
Waterfalls in the River: Outside the Karlovasi, are the waterfalls. After 1.5 km. walking through a dreamlike trail with abundant vegetation, you will encounter a Lake to swim about 50 m to reach the famous waterfalls.
Zoodochos pigi Kakoperatoy: This is a pretty dangerous path on the Rocky slopes of Kerkis. Inside a ravine at an altitude of over 650 m. Silas. You pass a path approximately 500 m. ends up in a cave, which is built inside the small church. The trail has a railing on the side of the Gorge and are extremely passable. The view, the vegetation and the amazing sensation of the spotless air, you will compensate.
Archaeological Museum of Samos island: In the city it is worth visiting the Archaeological Museum that consists of the old Museum, built in 1912 and the new museum that operates from June 1987. There are collections of bronze, wood, koroplastiki and archaic sculpture. Important findings is the Kolosikos Kouros amounting to about 5 m. Ionian art, marble statue female form, the Bronze Horseman, the Clay figurine archaic kernos and many other worth seeing up close.
Natural History Museum of the Aegean: The paleontological museum was created in 1965 and is located in the village of Mytilinioi. Includes bone fossils aged 3.5-7 million years old from oversized mammals and smaller vertebrates. You will also see a remarkable report which includes, insects, marine life, birds, collection of minerals, but also traditional costumes. I still see "The prestige of Kapllani", from the well-known literary work and relates to a feline that was found in the area. In their attempt to exterminate, closed in a cave but one man lost his life.
Archaeological collection of Pythagorean: in the Museum you can see collection of Archaic columns, portraits of Roman emperors and ceramic objects from the 9th – 2nd century BC.Some of the most important findings is the marble statue of Emperor Trajan, the great marble monumental sarcophagus and marble portraits of August and Klavdiou.
Dimitriou Folklore Museum: The Museum is created in house courtyards, stone walls, paving, laundry rooms and ovens, characteristics of the life of people. How was furnished the homes about Samos during the interwar period, up how prepared bread. You'll still see collection of the tools of the shepherd, the workshop of blacksmith and traditionally designed space for barbershops.
Laographical Museum of Karlovassi: Karlovasi flourished at the time locals were involved in the tanning and tobacco factories. The exhibits include valuables, such as porcelains, elaborate sofas and costumes of the bourgeoisie of the island. The Museum represents the agricultural production of wondrous woven, homemade looms, tools and agricultural implements.
The island has a bus station in the Centre with often routes to all the villages and beaches. In the square there is a taxi station that almost all hours of the day you can find some available. Samos island is large enough and worth to make large or small tour of the island, rent a car or from the city centre, either from another municipality of the island.
Samos has organized large hotels, rooms and bungalows. You can choose if you want to stay somewhere more central, such as the Deep, or in part most tourist, such as Kokkari and marathokambos. In smaller areas such as Posidonius's Bay, you'll find small individual rooms, overlooking the sea with very few inhabitants.
Samos is a very big and quiet island. Suitable for family holidays and complete relaxation. Most bar for afternoon and night out, you'll find them in the Center after the port onto the rock of the beach overlooking the Bay of the island. The Pythagorean and Kokkari is the most tourist places of the island with traditional restaurants and bars on the beach next to the waves. From the Pythagorean don't miss to make a day trip to the island of Samiwpoylas with traditional boats, to spend an unforgettable day swimming in the clear blue waters and to taste the delicious appetizers at the picturesque taverns. For most young people, enough reason and young students of the University, you will see in Karlovasi, with several café and clubs. In the town of Samos in August, conducted the famous wine festivals, with plenty of free wine, local traditional products, concerts and a lot of fun. Don't forget to check out from the organized tourist agencies in the Centre of the island for tours in Kusadasi Turkey and Patmos a and refrain from the island a few hours.
The Deep is built amphitheatrically and along the beach will enjoy overlooking the harbour in small tavernas, local delicacies, such as achinosalata and revithokeftedes platy stuffed. In more Deep, you'll walk on streets all paved with stone corners hide picturesque shops under the fragrance of evening primrose oil. In Pythagorion you will taste traditional dishes up pizza, pancake and international cuisine, all with views of the yachts in the Bay of the harbor. Kokkari, is the second very touristy part of the island. You'll find restaurants literally on the beach. Discovering the beauties of the island, you will see the cafeteria onto the side of a cliff and your eye to fill with greenery and beauty.
You will definitely buy the fair mug of Pythagoras, learn from locals on how exactly it works. Samos produces many kinds of products and for this reason the ancient say ' and hens milk produces the Isle'. The most important of these is, oil, ceramics and wine, which exports with most known of them SAMOS VIN DOUX. It is a sweet wine, circulating over a century with many honors in reports by the Samos famous all over the world. In most mountain villages you will find especially ceramics, such as clay and clay to use for delicious cooking.