Kos is the third largest island, the most fertile and the greenest of the Dodecanese. With a population of 34.280 inhabitants, has capital Kos, which is the main port of the island. Also called the island of Hippocrates, the father of medicine, once there was born. But as the island marked the bike after bike is the most popular means of transport in Kos.
The castle of the Knights is the most imposing monument of the Venetian period. Was protective and defensive mechanism against the Ottomans with a double wall and a moat. Built in the 14th century on the foundations of the walls of the ancient city.
The asclepieion of Kos: The Asklepieion of Kos's reputation is great, as were patients from all over the ancient world. It is dedicated to Asclepius, God of healing, and here taught medicine and Hippocrates. Began to be built in the 4th century b.c. and is located inside a park with cypresses.
Antimachia Castle: 14th century medieval castle, built by the order of the Knights of St. John in order to reinforce the defense of the island. Reflects the historical greatness and inside are the churches of Agia Paraskevi, Agios Nicolas and Panagia Eleimonitrias.
Basilicas of Agios Stefanos Basilicas: In St. Stephen's Beach, with unique paintings and rare images. Dated that have been built between 5-6th century, on a rock, is one of the most majestic boulevards and maintained perfectly.
Casa Romana: A still impressive activity in Cos, is a Roman villa which was restored in 1940. The principle of building, calculated in the Hellenistic years and alleged that logically belonged to aristocratic family of Kos. The Roman villa was excavated in 1933, when a devastating earthquake leveled nearly all of the island.Inside the House you'll have the opportunity to admire magnificent architecture and some of the finest mosaics.
The plane tree of Hippocrates is probably the oldest tree with a diameter of 12 m. According to tradition, the tree planted Hippocrates himself, under the shadow of used to teach his students.
Archaeological Museum was founded during the period of Italian occupation in 1935. In the Museum you will find all the discoveries that have come to light in excavations from ancient times until the Ysterwmaika years. The Museum's Exhibition includes sculptures, tombstones and statues. Great interest is the mosaic of Hippocrates that welcomed from a local, Eros with a Panther on his feet and God Nappy to playing flute.
Hippocratic Museum and International Hippocratic Foundation Museum is dedicated to the father of medicine Hippocrates and you can watch a flashback into the life and work of the most famous Greek. You will see rare editions of his works, busts and coins. The Foundation is a modern medical research center aiming at the investigation of Ippokratikwn methods and their application in modern medicine.
Folklore Museum: Kos is an island with rich Folkways and traditions, which maintains. The Museum is housed in a traditional house dated in the first half of the 20th century. It is a traditionally decorated home of the Dodecanese with all household equipment, yard and more. Next there is the mill of the Pope, the only one of its kind, which is still running.
The island has municipal urban transport for the nearby areas and buses to the most distant. If you again look for a taxi, you will find a comfortable, that for most areas, the charge is predefined, while others use a taximeter. The small train of the city, will guide you pleasantly in Kos. Nevertheless there certainly and rented cars and bikes for your convenience.For something different, select the bike. The city has a network of bicycle paths and an example.
In Kos you will find traditional hotels, apartments and hostels. Most are in town, but you will not struggle to find some and outside, such as in Mastichari and Kardamena village. For most economical vacation, on Scissors you will find organized camping.
On the island are pretty bar, cafe and restaurants both in the old town, and the surrounding tourist places. There are even restaurants with live music and cinema. For more loose Beach café-bar is the ideal solution.
In Kos you can find the right restaurant for your own tastes between traditional tavernas, ouzo, ouzo and taverns you will enjoy a variety of fresh fish and seafood. Traditionally you have to try the local specialities of the island, which is meat with bulgur and pitarridia (lasagna in meat broth). Extremely is and mizithra (pie with cheese, honey and cinnamon), xerotigana and Red cheese. There are even restaurants with international cuisine, such as Mexican and Italian.
Saying goodbye to Kos, make sure you have taken with you, fresh honey, wine cheese, sweet cherry tomato, koysafi (boiled black currant with spices) and the barbaric, which contains tahini, Orange, wheat and nuts.