Built on the old city, known as Candia, Heraklion is perhaps the most vibrant city of Crete, with residents coming from almost all over the island and a huge number of students from all over Greece. The oldest part of town is built inside the old walls and touches the port where is the Venetian Castle from the 16th century. the city keeper Was stable from intruders and hallmark of Candia (the Venetian name for Heraklion, Crete). Heraklion, although he lacks the local color of Rethymno, nor the beauty of Chania, is full of drive and is a popular destination of Greek and foreign tourists from there begin wandering on the island.
The Fort: The most famous image of the city is the fortress of the sea, as the Venetians called it. Imposing and beautiful even now, is built with boulders, consists of 2 floors and is divided into 26 districts. Haunted by legends, which tell us that their elders in dark and damp walls, were tortured with horrible way Cretan Revolutionaries. Consider a key symbol of the port and the city in General and remains intimate and the first choice spot visit of tourists and locals. It is also known as ' Koules ' name that gave the Turks in Turkish.
Knossos: Just 5 km. from the Centre of Heraklion, the ancient Palace of Knossos. Area of immense archaeological importance, replete with labyrinthine buildings and majestic basilicas constructions with colourful frescoes. All highlight the importance and the beauty of the Minoan civilization. Many of the findings of these palaces, like the Faistos,situated in the archaeological museum. Tradition tells us that here lived the King Minos and myths linking the Palace to the Labyrinth of the Minotaur and the story of Daedalus and Icarus.
Eilithia Cave: The cave was discovered in the last century. According to tradition the Eileithyia, the goddess of birth, gave birth to the Ira. The women offered honey, milk, oil, textiles and the cave was the most important place of worship of the goddess. The cave had frequent use from the Neolithic era to the early Christian times, our witness that all archaeological finds.
Archaeological site of Phaistos: Phaistos was a Minoan city of Crete, is famous for the Palace and the ruins of are located 55 m. South of Heraklion. Formerly constituted one of the most important centers of great civilization developed and flourished in Crete. Founded around 2000 b.c., according to the legend, by King Minos. You will navigate in quite a large archaeological site, admiring great architectural sets of standard samples of the Minoan civilization, with impeccable construction.
Shipwreck "La Therese": The French shipwreck La Therese, detected in the Aegean in 1976 by Jacques Yves Cousteau during underwater surveys. After several attempts was recovered a large number of objects, such as war material, cannon balls, ship's gear, everyday items of crew and many accessories and pieces of the ship. Finally many human skeletal remains that belong to over 300 different people. All these help researchers of shipbuilding in the 17th century and the history of the siege of Candia by the Toykoys for 25 years.
Archaeological Museum: The Museum is located in the city centre and comprises 20 rooms. Presents a large number of priceless objects, in diachronic sequence from the Neolithic up to the Roman era. Special place hold the treasures from the Palace of Knossos. One can see ceramic unique beauty with depictions of marine life, the World renowned Disc of Phaistos, murals, bronze statuettes, jewels and countless other unique exhibits.
Museum of natural history: Fairly close to the port, in listed industrial building next to the sea is the natural history Museum of Crete. In addition to the presentations in physical size, ecosystems of the Eastern Mediterranean, operate the unit "living museum" with a large number of impressive animals. Also the Seismic Bank that enables you to feel absolutely secure in conditions of real earthquake, the Planetarium and the space Ereynotopos, specially designed for young children, can there be explore nature through a variety of activities.
Historical Museum of Crete was founded in 1953 and presents a comprehensive picture of the history of Crete, from the early Christian centuries, up to the modern era. The Museum has been declared a historical preservable monument. Displayed objects of folklore, ceramic and sculpture collections and rich numismatic collection. Unique exhibit is the original table of El Greco, El Greco as well as the baptism of Christ.
The County boasts a very good road network with access to most areas. The bus station is located almost next to the Harbour and serves the city in all directions. In the same area there is also a TAXI rank. Even better you can visit car rental companies for switching any time of day, anywhere you wish.
Heraklion is a pretty big city, if you are there for reasons that need to move fast in the Centre you can choose from a small hotel, so a luxury that you will find in the city. If you want to relax on holiday, choose among the dozens of villages of the Prefecture, is a small, picturesque and unspoilt by tourism.
Heraklion is full of modern café, many of which have impressive construction and decoration. Also all day work and features, taverns where with essential accompanying local raki, one can enjoy the well-known "dakos," snails and many other local dishes. For evening select a club with loud music, or shops with traditional Cretan music based on the Lyra, until late at night. Special attraction, the cosmopolitan Hersonissos.
For many Crete has tastier food throughout Greece. The terrain and climate help in the production of olive oil of exceptional quality and extraordinary nutritional importance. Natural products and traditional recipes, will leave you completely satisfied. In all the traditional tavernas and restaurants of the city, you will enjoy sophisticated flavors such as Cretan staka, Cretan traditional meat and many others that will remain unforgettable.
Within the city will buy miniatures from the masterpieces of the Minoan civilization, the head of a bull, the Goddess of snakes like poster with the frescoes of the Palace of Knossos. Some amount of excellent and pure Cretan olive oil SOAP is also a must for many, like the unique herbs of the island, the mountain honey and the famous Cretan gruyere.