Chios is an eastern Aegean island. It is the fifth largest island and it's located only 3.5 miles from the coast of Turkey. According to Homer, the island's former name was Kios. There are historical studies that connect the island with the origin of Homer. It has 64 villages, and very close are the smaller islands, Psara and Inousses. From Psara came Constantine Kanaris, hero of the revolution of 1821.
On the north side of the city's port is located the old castle. It was the center of political and military life in medieval and modern history of the island and the stone walls were designed to protect the population against naval attacks and sieges. The walls are divided into land and sea. Though not much of it has survived until today, in some places you can see ramparts dominate, some in very good condition. Today, inside the walls are living about 650 residents.
In a small jetty in Tampakika, just outside the city of Chios are the Mills. Characterize the modernization of industrial production on the island that had to do with the processing of hides produced. Today, four mills are renovated and can be visited.
Mesta is a well-preserved, medieval village, maybe the most beautiful of the island. It was built during the Byzantine period and has impressive architecture. All houses are built very close to each other and to communicate with covered, internal winding streets. It is striking that many of them lead to a dead end, creating a huge maze that was intended to difficult invaders' access. It attracts tourists for its unique colorful architecture but also for the natural beauty of the area with some of the nicest beaches lie nearby.
Four miles north of the town of Chios and in the eastern side of the island is the city Vrondados. Residents deal primarily with the fishing and the monument of "Missing Sailor" at the entrance of the harbor, reminiscent of the struggles the islanders. The rock Daskalopetra over the north Vrontadou beach is one of the most famous monuments of the island as well as characteristic are and the windmills overlook the beach. Vrondados is known worldwide for its tradition of Rocket-war between two churches in Easter.
Observatories scattered throughout the island, important for the defencive system of the island from the 11th century to the early 19th century. Observers were required to observe the sea and in case of attack alert other watchtowers and local residents for the timely preparation.
A unique village and protected monument with characteristic black and white geometric decoration on the exterior walls of the house all carved by hand. As Mesta, houses are really close each other the streets are cobbled and narrow.
Renovated in 2000 includes finds from the Neolithic time to the ancient times. In its rooms are exposed ceramics, sculptures, reliefs, jewelry, glass, gold, and bronze objects as well as in the yard you will find a restored Macedonian tomb tombstones etc.
In the city center, next to the Cathedral and specifically "Korais" Street, is located the "Korais" library and "Argentis" Museum. The Library is one of the oldest and largest libraries in Greece. With a collection of 250,000 tomes today, was created in 1792. Nowadays, is under the Ministry of Education and provides public access to a large collection of manuscripts, books, rare publications and documents. It has two lending sections and two mobile libraries allowing access to populations who can not visit it.
The Byzantine Museum of Chios is housed in the Ottoman mosque "Metzitie" in the central square of the city. Opened its gates in 1980 and includes artifacts between the 5th and 18th century periods covering the pre-Christian and post-Byzantine period. The mosque and the exhibition coexist harmoniously highlighting the interplay of different cultural groups lived together for centuries on the island.
Chios includes a wide range of beaches, some organized and crowded and other completely isolated all of them with crystal clear waters, sandy beaches and special colored pebbles. Near the city is the beach Bella Vista, a relaxing almost beside the waterfront of the island. Also close to city - less than 10 minutes and are: Ormos Lo, Afanis and the Sailor. In the northern part of the island characteristic cosmopolitan beach is "the Seagulls". In the Kardamilon you can vissit Giossona, Nago and Gialyskari, all characterized for their white pebbles. On the western route from the medieval village of Mesta to the northwestern Chios Volissos will also find many beaches. Agia Irini, Elina, Metohi, Trahili, Managros, Lefkathia, Lemnos and Lampsa. Finally many are your options in the southern part of the island. Karfas with its sandy beach and numerous tourist shops and the cosmopolitan Komi, which is the Sunday-destination for the majority of youngsters for the wild parties at the beach bar beach.
Urban (blue) buses starting from city hall move to Vrontado, Karfa, Campo and other nearby villages in the south. With intercity (green) buses you can move around the rest of the island.By boat Chios is connected with Inousses, Psara and the Cesme in Turkey located an hour from Izmir.
Chios is a destination that offers visitors fun for everyone with cafes, taverns, ouzo, many bars and night clubs. Entertainment center is the waterfront of the island where you will find many cafe bars and ouzeri overlooking the harbor. Tourism is organized and in the most parts of the island as Karfas, Komi, Volissos, Lagada and Kardamilla.
Chios is a rich island which favors the production of many local products. The leading role belongs to the mastic, a unique product with excellent properties and dozens of uses. Chewing gum, liqueurs, candies, and many different sweets, and fragrant natural soaps and candles. The island also produces wines-mainly red and olive oil. Finally Chios has excellent range of citrus like mandarin which makes beautiful sweets.