Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands, the country of tulips, and has a population of 790.044 inhabitants in the city and 2.289.762 in the wider metropolitan area. Is an economic and cultural centre of the country and is one of the largest historical centres in Europe, mainly from the 17th century was founded in the late 12th century as a small fishing village on the banks of the Amstel River, from where it took its name. Later built around the center of the city a series of concentric semicircular canals, which even today characterize the layout and appearance of the Centre. This is the most beautiful, small and quiet city in the world with non-existent traffic problem, because the channels that cross, but offering all the advantages of a big city.
Royal Palace: The Palace is located at Dam square and is the landmark of the city of Amsterdam. In his time there was the biggest non-religious centre and symbolized the city's free spirit. This is for example the classical Dutch architecture and is one of the four palaces of the country belonging to the jurisdiction of the Queen. Originally built as the City Hall, but then became the Royal residence of Napoleon and later of the Dutch Royal family. The facade is simple, has a glamorous design and is decorated with magnificent carvings. The statues represent the Amsterdam city surrounded by Poseidon and other mythical sea creatures.
Kinterntaϊk (Kinderdijk): Netherlands is characterized by the many picturesque windmills, counts over 1,000. In the village of Kinderdijk will find their most cowering. Construction began in 1740 and kept well even today. Windmills help Alblasserwaard polders, drainage thing necessary, once located below sea level and water removing ends up in the river Lek. Since 1997 the windmills of Kinderdijk were added to the UNESCO World Heritage list.
Botanical Gardens: In Amsterdam you will see one of the largest, oldest and most attractive gardens in the world. Founded in 1632 on the eastern edge of the city centre. There you will see over 6,000 species of plants, really unique, like 2,000 years immortal cactus. In outdoor gardens will admire boreal and temperate plants, while in the home of Palm will meet the warmer the plant world, with Palm trees that measure between us over 3 centuries. You'll still see the greenhouse with butterflies and the Triklimatiko Conservatory, with plants from the desert. Enjoy your coffee, in the lovely garden cafeteria with huge balconies, in this pleasant OASIS, away from the busy centre of Amsterdam.
The Magere Brug is Amsterdam's most famous bridge, which was built in 1934 and connects the banks of the river Amstel. A traditional Dutch bridge two variable-length tracks, that opens every 20 minutes to pass the boats from one side to the other. The bridge, whatever you call it, starred in the James Bond film "diamonds are forever". The original bridge was built in 1670, but reason traffic growth, replaced and now symbolizes the new means of transport in the city, once used only by pedestrians and bicycles.
Anne Frank House: The House of Anne Frank, is a museum dedicated to the Jewish writer, who wrote her diary during World War II. Anne Frank lived hidden from the Nazis, in secret rooms for about two years, along with its own. Then the Group was betrayed and transported to concentration camps, where left and her last breath. The only one who lived, was her father, who later returned and published the book-diary of his daughter. The museum exposes all the standard texts, but also the places where hid and lived.
Dutch National Museum (Rijksmuseum): The Museum shows the development of Amsterdam, from the era of the middle ages, then that was a simple fishing village, until today. Founded in 1800 with neo-Gothic style and focuses on trade and culture of the golden age of Amsterdam in the 17th century. You will see unique artwork, objects of the colonies and representations of colonial ships. The series of group portraits of militias is one of the top items in the collection. Included even the best tables that represent the Dutch painting by Rembrandt and works such as Bermeer.
Van Gogh Museum: The Museum includes works of famous Dutch painter, from the period of adolescence, until the end of his life. You'll see 200 paintings and 550 sketches showing all mental moods of the most important painter of all time. The artist became known after his death, with the effect of in the later movements of Expressionism and abstract art in General, is considered a catalyst.
Amsterdam has Metro, has buses, trams, national and international rail connections and ferry for pedestrians and bicyclists. You can comfortably move at any point of the city since the distances are not great and it can be accessed quickly. Primary means of travel within the city, it is the bike, since the city has bike lanes and it is flat. The bike used by 55% of the population of the city and is a pleasant way to browse and enjoy the delights of the place. If you want a taxi, you will find several in central parts of the city available to serve you, the other is impossible to find a weekends or to call someone. Interest are taxi bikes, which are much cheaper, is a real experience and Channel buses that run from morning till afternoon.
Accommodation in Amsterdam is covered by a wide variety of luxury hotels in landmark and in other buildings with panoramic views along the canals. Select one based on price and location you wish for pleasant accommodation and easy access to the city's attractions.
Amsterdam is a city that can offer a wide range of quality entertainment, since for centuries is one of the cultural centers of Europe. City squares symbolize the entire regions and old markets. Start with a stroll in the Centre and the heart of the city, the famous Dam square. Continue your tour, in the Jordaan, once working class area, is today one part. In a beautiful atmosphere with charming streets of flower and tree names, linking the 3 main channels, will visit art galleries and unique shops. In the Venice of the North, as they call the Amsterdam, will not miss a cruise on the canals. Amsterdam is a modern and open-minded, cosmopolitan environment and is considered the city of entertainment. You will find countless cafés, bars and clubs for a drink, which many of them are smokers friendly, as well as the famous coffee shops of Amsterdam among shops with sweets and ice creams. Here allow the sale of ' soft ' drugs for personal use and tourists from all over the world come to enjoy the forbidden substances. Finally visit the street with storefronts that are considered special spectacle and attracts. Here the word normal loses importance, since all are considered acceptable and do not cause any reaction.
In Amsterdam you will find whatever desirable cuisine with impeccable service, but most restaurants to know that closes somewhat early, since the Dutch dine early. In all the restaurants do not allow smoking. The Rembrandtplein is a tourist magnet, a place with lots of cafes and restaurants to enjoy a traditional meal. Classic Dutch dishes to try is the soup snert, peas with sausages, French fries with mayonnaise patatje met, bitterballen, fried morsels of beef stew and chocolate bread, hagelslag. Not snomparete but the street food from itinerant strollers, try and you will not miss.
Amsterdam has very nice shops and farmers markets. In the area behind the Palace, at the Dam, there is a supermarket, running late even on Sundays. In Europe's largest open-air market, the Albert Cuyp market you will find products from all parts of the world, such as fresh produce, clothing, small objects, Dutch cheese and Stroopwafels, double waffle with caramel syrup. Impressive is also the Blue ceramic Delft pottery, similar to the Chinese, buy some famous souvenirs, like the Dutch cow, boy with girl kissing and dishes with names.