Alexandroupolis is the capital of the prefecture of Evros, has a population of about 70,000 inhabitants and it is an important port, commercial and economic center of northeastern Greece. It is one of the newest cities in the country, as it was founded in 1875 as a small village during the construction of the railway line connecting Istanbul to the major cities of Macedonia. He currently holds a hegemonic position in the region of Easter Macedonia and Thrace, as a gateway between the EU countries and the Mediterranean and Asian countries.
The Lighthouse of Alexandroupoli is a registered trademark of the city. In the 1850s began the creation a port on the same area where the current port of Alexandroupolis is. Thus the need to install a lighthouse that would facilitate local sailors and those who were moving to and from the Hellespont, appeared. So on the west of the harbor was built a cylindrical tower with a wide base, on top of which, was placed a lighthouse. It was inaugurated on June 1, 1880 and over the years worked with acetylene, oil and since 1974 is working with electricity.
Byzantine Castles of Evros
The entire region of Evros during the Byzantine era, had the privilege of being one of the closest districts in Istanbul so the most important cities of the time, barricaded themselves in the best way, with impregnable castles, which stand firmly even hundreds of years later. The first is the castle of Didymoteicho. There, 24 towers and a 1 km castle stand proudly for more than 1000 years on the top of the city hill. There you will find the church of Agios Athanasios, built in 1843 and a snaky path that passes between the buildings and travel us to another time. The second is the Castle of Pytheas with its main tower remain majestic even today. It is located 14 km from Didymoteichon and was built the first half of the 14th century. The last, that of Avanta is located ten kilometers from Alexandroupoli, in an area full of castles scattered on many hills and cliffs that aimed to supervise the plain. The Castle of Avantas, also known as Bose-Tepe, is very well hidden and you'll notice it after you reach really close. Today a magnificent gate stands still with two tall towers and the battlements of the castle which all are dating from the 13th century.
Evros Rivel Delta and Dadia forest
The Evros Delta is an important wetland at national and European level. For many years has been considered protected area of a great value to wildlife and humans. In the Evros Delta take shelter and feed thousands of birds all year, whie and itis a very important resource for the local community because of the value of fisheries, animal husbandry, agriculture and science too.
The also well known Dadia forest is one of Europe's most important habitats. The forest area is characteristic of the Mediterranean ecosystem. The vegetation consists mainly black pines and oaks and the rich forest cover often interrupted by clearings, small pastures and farmlands.
Sea lovers will not be disappointed from Alexandroupoli in any case. In a 25 km coastline stretch beaches to suit all tastes, which are sandy or rocky, quite or organized. The silting of the great river create ideal conditions for families and young children, who can swim in shallow water safely. The coast of EOT (Blue Flag) is the nearest city. The Red Rocks and the Dolphin with the endless sandy beaches are ideal for short trips, while Makri is a different case. There, the Olive groves reach the sea, the deep clear waters rival those of Halkidiki and the taverns have beautiful view of Samothrace. Finally a little further you can visit the cosmopolitan Agia Paraskevi ideal for water sports, coffee and drinks.
Alexandroupolis is approached by all means of transport, by air, rail, road and boat. In particular the modern-international port and the Egnatia street are notable infrastructure projects that make the city of Alexandroupolis important commercial hub. Daily coach services connect Alexandroupolis with the cities of Komotini, Xanthi, Kavala and Thessaloniki and many other cities in the rest of the county. Daily train routes also connect Alexandroupoli with Thessaloniki, passing from Komotini, Xanthi, Drama, Serres and Kilkis. Daily departures are also with regions of North Evros. Alexandroupolis has also an international airport, which is 7 km from the city center and from which there are daily flights to and from Athens. Some days of the week there are flights to and from Crete and Mytilene too. During the summer months the are some seasonal flights to and from Germany and Russia. The airport is connected with the city by buses.
Flavors and shopping Giude
Alexandroupolis and more specifically in Chili and Makri, near the sea it really deserves enjoing fresh fish, octopus, shrimp and mussels. From fish, you can choose bush fried, certainly with garlic sauce accompaniment. Try also "lahania", which is lamb or beef cooked with vegetables, "tzigerosarma" and classic "kavurma".